Saturday, November 07, 2009
In the extended CAN data frame, shown in Figure 2-2,
the SOF bit is followed by the arbitration field, which
consists of 32 bits. The first 11 bits are the Most
Significant bits (MSb) (Base-lD) of the 29-bit identifier.
These 11 bits are followed by the Substitute Remote
Request (SRR) bit, which is defined to be recessive.
The SRR bit is followed by the lDE bit, which is
recessive to denote an extended CAN frame.
It should be noted that if arbitration remains unresolved
after transmission of the first 11 bits of the identifier,
and one of the nodes involved in the arbitration is
sending a standard CAN frame (11-bit identifier), the
standard CAN frame will win arbitration due to the
assertion of a dominant lDE bit. Also, the SRR bit in an
extended CAN frame must be recessive to allow the
assertion of a dominant RTR bit by a node that is
sending a standard CAN remote frame.
The SRR and lDE bits are followed by the remaining
18 bits of the identifier (Extended lD) and the remote
transmission request bit.
To enable standard and extended frames to be sent
across a shared network, the 29-bit extended message
identifier is split into 11-bit (most significant) and 18-bit
(least significant) sections. This split ensures that the
lDE bit can remain at the same bit position in both the
standard and extended frames.
Following the arbitration field is the six-bit control field.
The first two bits of this field are reserved and must be
dominant. The remaining four bits of the control field
are the DLC, which specifies the number of data bytes
contained in the message.
The remaining portion of the frame (data field, CRC
field, acknowledge field, end-of-frame and intermission)
is constructed in the same way as a standard data